June 26, 2022

A handout picture offered by the UAE Ministry of Presidential Affairs reveals Sheikh Joaan bin Hamad bin Khalifa al-Thani, left, brother to the Emir of Qatar, providing his condolences to Sheikh Mohamed bin Zayed Al Nahyan, proper, president of the UAE and ruler of Abu Dhabi on the Presidential Airport in Abu Dhabi.RASHED AL-MANSOORI/AFP/Getty Photos

Rulers within the United Arab Emirates on Saturday unanimously appointed Abu Dhabi’s Sheikh Mohammed bin Zayed Al Nahyan because the autocratic nation’s president, signaling each unity and stability on this key energy-rich nation that hosts Western militaries.

The ascension of Sheikh Mohammed, 61, had been anticipated after the demise Friday of his half-brother and the UAE’s president, Sheikh Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan, on the age of 73. The transition of energy marks solely the third time this U.S.-allied nation of seven sheikhdoms has chosen a president since turning into an unbiased nation in 1971.

Underneath Sheikh Mohammed, who has been the nation’s de facto chief since Sheikh Khalifa suffered a stroke in 2014, the UAE had tried to challenge energy militarily throughout the broader area because it joined a Saudi-led conflict in Yemen.

However because the lockdowns of the coronavirus pandemic, Sheikh Mohammed and the broader UAE has tried to recalibrate its strategy by largely pulling out of the conflict and in search of diplomatic detentes with rivals. The UAE additionally diplomatically acknowledged Israel, which shares Sheikh Mohammed’s longstanding suspicion of Iran. Nevertheless, ties to the U.S. have strained in recent times — one thing Washington hopes to handle with Vice President Kamala Harris main a delegation Monday to Abu Dhabi.

The state-run WAM information company described the vote at Al-Mushrif Palace in Abu Dhabi as unanimous among the many leaders of the nation’s hereditarily dominated sheikhdoms, which incorporates the skyscraper-studded metropolis of Dubai.

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“His assumption of the duty of the presidency represents a brand new historic period and a brand new start,” mentioned Dubai’s ruler, Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum. “We look ahead to the acceleration of growth aimed toward consolidating the worldwide sovereignty and pioneering of the Emirates.”

There had been just one demise of a president earlier than Friday within the nation’s historical past, which noticed Sheikh Khalifa take over for each his and Sheikh Mohammed’s father, Sheikh Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan, after his demise in 2004. Sheikh Zayed, whose identify graces a serious freeway linking the Emirates and whose face seems in all places within the nation, broadly stays seen because the nation’s founding father.

The UAE as an entire is observing a three-day mourning interval, which can see companies shut throughout the nation and performances halted in Sheikh Khalifa’s honor. Digital billboards all confirmed the late sheikh’s picture in Dubai on Friday night time as flags flew at half-staff. A wider mourning interval of 40 days will go on past that.

Oman’s sultan was among the many first leaders to go to Sheikh Mohammed on Saturday night time. Others are anticipated within the coming days, together with French President Emmanuel Macron and British Prime Minister Boris Johnson on Sunday. Harris additionally will meet with Sheikh Mohammed.

Sheikh Mohammed had been serving because the UAE’s de facto president since a 2014 stroke noticed Sheikh Khalifa disappear from public view.

Identified by the acronym MbZ, Sheikh Mohammed cultivated ties with the West that proved priceless for Abu Dhabi, the capital of the UAE that instructions tens of billions of {dollars} in wealth funds from its oil and fuel deposits. A U.S. diplomatic cable from 2004 launched by WikiLeaks referred to him as “charismatic, savvy and really snug within the West.” He hosted then-president George W. Bush in 2008 at his desert property, a go to full with Bedouin tents and falcons.

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The nation hosts some 3,500 U.S. troops, many at Abu Dhabi’s Al-Dhafra Air Base, from the place drones and fighter jets flew missions combating the Islamic State group in Iraq and Syria. Dubai is also the U.S. Navy’s busiest port of name overseas. Each France and South Korea additionally maintained a army presence right here.

The Pentagon mentioned U.S. Protection Secretary Lloyd Austin spoke with Sheikh Mohammed on Saturday and mentioned “he appears ahead to strengthening the necessary protection partnership that expanded” beneath the late president and “to deepening shut ties” between the nations.

Sheikh Mohammed educated on the British army academy at Sandhurst and is a helicopter pilot. His military-first strategy noticed the UAE be part of Saudi Arabia of their bloody, yearslong conflict in Yemen that also rages to this present day. Sheikh Mohammed has had a detailed relationship with neighboring Saudi Arabia’s personal upstart crown prince, Mohammed bin Salman. Nevertheless, the Emirates has largely withdrawn its troops from Yemen.

Sheikh Mohammed additionally lengthy has been suspicious of each the Muslim Brotherhood and Iran, doubtless organizing a marketing campaign concentrating on Islamists within the UAE after the 2011 Arab Spring and urging the West to take a more durable line towards Tehran over considerations about its nuclear program and its help of paramilitary teams all through the area. The UAE’s recognition of Israel in 2020, whereas opening new commerce and tourism, additionally serves as a hedge in coping with Iran.

For the reason that coronavirus pandemic, nevertheless, the UAE beneath Sheikh Mohammed has sought to rehabilitate ties to Iran and Turkey, which has backed Islamists within the area. A quartet of Arab nations, together with the UAE additionally dropped their boycott of Qatar over a diplomatic dispute concerning its help of Islamists, although relations stay icy between Abu Dhabi and Doha.

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“The sleek transition of energy within the UAE displays the sobriety of institutional work and the superior stage of governance mechanisms and their stability,” mentioned Anwar Gargash, a senior Emirati diplomat.

However strains have emerged in recent times between Sheikh Mohammed and the U.S., lengthy a guarantor of safety within the wider Persian Gulf. Then-president Barack Obama and world powers reaching a nuclear take care of Iran in 2015 soured the Emirates. The chaotic American withdrawal from Afghanistan in 2021 beneath President Joe Biden worsened considerations concerning the U.S.’s pullback from the area.

Sheikh Mohammed discovered himself entangled in particular counsel Robert Mueller’s report on then-President Donald Trump and Russian interference in America’s 2016 election. The chair of Trump’s 2017 inaugural committee was arrested in 2021 on costs alleging he secretly conspired to affect U.S. coverage to profit the United Arab Emirates.

A deliberate U.S. sale of superior F-35 fighter jets to the UAE additionally seems stalled partly over American considerations concerning the Emirates’ relationship with China. In the meantime, the UAE has been cautious to not alienate Russia as Moscow wages conflict on Ukraine.

However Biden provided a heat assertion Saturday saying he needed to “congratulate my longtime buddy” on “his election.”

“The UAE is a necessary companion of the USA,” Biden mentioned. “I look ahead to working with Sheikh Mohammed to construct from this extraordinary basis to additional strengthen the bonds between our nations and peoples.”