V Squat vs. Hack Squat: What’s The Distinction?

V Squat vs. Hack Squat: What’s The Distinction?

For those who’re on the lookout for an train to isolate your quadriceps and develop sturdy thighs, then take into account squats leg day’s shut, often-visited buddy. And simply as buddies are available in all sizes and styles, there are a plethora of how to remix the usual squat’s sit-down, stand-up movement. 

Other than body weight squats, the V squat and the hack squat are two standard variations for gym-goers seeking to construct highly effective quadriceps. Whereas the 2 workouts observe an analogous sample, understanding the important thing to how they evaluate can assist you determine which one is greatest for enhancing your quad sport. 

Right here, we spotlight the similarities and variations between them, together with how to decide on between them the following time you hit the mat space at your well being membership of selection.

V Squat vs Hack Squat: Key Similarities

Leg day consists of many various exercise variations for various decrease physique muscle teams: glute, hamstring, quad, and many others. However figuring out the identical approach every time can grow to be boring. The following time you’re staring down the machines in your gymnasium’s leg part and pondering of making an attempt one thing new, maybe a V squat machine or hack squat machine will catch your eye. For those who don’t know a lot about both, they could seem pretty daunting—however it helps to respect each strikes and the burn they will bestow upon you. 

So what’s a hack squat? And what’s a V squat? Each of those conventional squat variations can depart your quads feeling on hearth. 

Other than their potential to ignite a burn within the quad muscle group, the V squat and the hack squat have a number of key commonalities:

  • Goal muscle teams – Each V and hack squats successfully isolate the quadricep muscle groups to be able to optimally work and develop them. These twists on the standard squat reduce the function of different muscle teams within the elevate, such because the again and hips, to pay attention the load onto your quads.1
  • Use of machines – Each V and hack squats might be executed utilizing specially-designed machines to help in the course of the train. Whereas V squats have a machine designed only for them, they will also be executed on a hack squat machine utilizing an altered stance.2 Utilizing machines additionally means much less fear and energy will go into balancing and stabilizing the load you progress.3 Thus, extra vitality is exerted from the goal muscle (the quadriceps).
  • Corollary muscle groups labored – Whereas trendy equipment does its greatest to eradicate activating something however the goal muscle groups, no physique half works out in a vacuum. Anticipate to get your calves, decrease again, and hamstrings going at the least somewhat bit with both of those squat variations.4
  • Vary of movement – They don’t observe equivalent motion patterns, however each the V and the hack squat carry your physique by way of comparable movement pathways. Normal squats ought to adequately put together you for the actions you’ll make throughout these altered variations.
  • Work and relaxation – The quantity of squats to pop is similar for each the V and hack varieties. For those who’re aiming to each enhance muscle measurement and get stronger, goal for 3 to five units of round 10 repetitions, with 1 to 2 minutes of relaxation between them. For those who’re solely making an attempt to construct power, add weight and do a most of 5 reps for a similar units with double the remainder in between.5

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Hack Squat vs V Squat: Primary Variations

Whereas these two squats would possibly look the identical from throughout the gymnasium room ground, while you zoom in and dissect the hack and V squats it’s clear they diverge in additional than simply their names.

A number of formal and technical components distinguish the V squat and the hack squat, together with:

  • Tools sort – As beforehand talked about, V squats might be carried out on a hack squat machine. Nonetheless, there’s additionally a selected piece of apparatus fitted to the duty: A hack squat machine is angled at about 45° with a backrest and pads that lay in your shoulders. As you squat on it, weight is pushed up and down the angled observe in a straight line. To not point out that there are additionally the totally different V squat and hack squat variations, such because the barbell squat, which might come in useful if a machine is in use maybe. 

A V squat machine, alternatively, pivots and folds round a middle level. The backrest and pads stay, however you’re pushed outward in additional of a parabolic movement (fairly than shifting your again in a straight line).5 Your backbone ought to stay upright with both piece of apparatus, whatever the path it takes.

  • Stance – When performing a V squat on a hack squat machine, the important thing distinction comes right down to the stance. Throughout an everyday hack squat, your legs ought to principally align together with your shoulders, together with your ft pointed barely outwards.6 

Throughout a V squat, you need to widen your stance previous your shoulders, creating an upside-down V form together with your legs. Moreover, you need to place your ft at extra of an obtuse angle, creating one other “V” together with your trunk.2

  • Secondary muscle groups focused – The muscle groups labored by every squat variation can be a key distinction between these two. The hack squat is a go-to for getting your quads fired up and your legs quaking. It was crafted with the intent to maximise resistance and exert these highly effective leg muscle groups. 

The V squat variant, nonetheless, targets the glutes in addition to the quads.5 The V squat’s widened stance lessens the load borne by the quads, distributing weight extra evenly all through the leg muscle groups than a normal hack squat.2

  • Path of motion – Whereas the hack squat follows a straight line, the V squat leads your physique in direction of extra of an arc. Variations in muscle employment apart, how every movement feels to execute will probably be distinctive to your physique.
  • Weight used – Whereas the 2 motions are comparable, the precise muscle groups they interact differ—and so too ought to the load you bear with every train. Experiment with totally different weights to see what feels each snug and difficult for every train individually. Simply remember to go low first and construct as much as scale back the chance of damage. 

Very like your legs in correct V squat kind, the hack and V squat have an honest quantity of separation between them; definitely sufficient variation to categorise them as distinct workouts.

If each are an possibility at your gymnasium, then your job is to determine which might make a good-looking addition to your present health routine.

Select Between a V Squat and Hack Squat

You’ll have questions when deciding to include new workouts into your routine. Attending health lessons or asking private trainers are nice methods to kind out any uncertainties about unfamiliar strikes.

For those who’re making an attempt to select between V and hack squats, contemplating the next components can assist you decide:

  • Health targets – What muscle groups are you making an attempt to develop and strengthen probably the most? Are you solely making an attempt to focus on your quads and construct them up as a lot as attainable? Or do you need to tone up your legs as an entire?

Hack squats are perfect for isolating your quadriceps and giving them the utmost pressure attainable. Alternatively, if you wish to get extra of your decrease physique in on the motion, widen to a V squat to position extra stress in your different leg muscle groups.

  • Bodily means – These with joint or mobility points could discover the stance or movement of both variation harder than the opposite. For those who discover one fits your capabilities greater than the opposite, then it’s the precise selection for you.
  • Muscle fatigue – For those who’ve simply gotten off a strenuous quad routine a couple of days prior, tackling them once more with hack squats might not be the perfect concept. Alternatively, if the higher thighs are feeling nice however the remainder of your legs are somewhat sluggish, maintain these legs at shoulder-width to get the quadriceps firing. Learn your physique, assess how you’re feeling on a given day, and determine which train is best for you. 
  • Private desire – The V squat’s vary of movement would possibly jive together with your physique and the extent of your flexibility. Conversely, maybe the hack squat feels extra pure to you. If one or the opposite is a standout, no-contest winner with regard to the way it makes you’re feeling, take into account it your new go-to. 

No matter which squat you’re gravitating in direction of, you’ll see optimum outcomes while you follow your chosen type (or each, should you’re sport) commonly. A dedicated exercise routine guarantees the best, most observable yields in each power and hypertrophy—the physiological means of ramping up muscle development.1 When you’ve determined upon one (or each) of those efficient squat variations, it’s time to hit the health ground and put that principle to the take a look at.

Maintain on—your gymnasium doesn’t have a V squat OR a hack squat machine? Possibly it’s time to look “gyms close to me” and Chuze someplace new to coach.

Select Distinctive Squatting Services With Chuze Health

It doesn’t matter should you’re perfecting your grasp of the classics or need to weave one thing brand-new into your exercise routine. For all of the sweat you place into your gymnasium time, health needs to be as satisfying as it’s bodily rewarding.

For those who’re a health fanatic from California, Arizona, Colorado, or New Mexico, Chuze Health desires to grant you that gratifying, versatile exercise expertise. Our fully-stocked health amenities are furnished with trendy, high-quality gear fitted to any type of exercise—and any type of the squat.

Whether or not you’re V squatting, hack squatting, or not squatting in any respect, our knowledgeable trainers and iChuze health app provide a broad number of movies with workouts to boost your repertoire. Whenever you’re prepared to enroll, we’ll be right here that will help you conquer your health targets. 


Reviewed By:

Ani is the Vice President of Health at Chuze Health and oversees the group health and workforce coaching departments. She’s had a 25+ 12 months profession in membership administration, private coaching, group train and teacher coaching. Ani lives together with her husband and son in San Diego, CA and loves scorching yoga, snowboarding and all issues wellness.



  1. Males’s Well being. Need Monster Quads? Time to Study the Hack Squat.  https://www.menshealth.com/fitness/a28133625/hack-squat/
  2. Your Exercise E-book. Hack Squats vs. V Squats: What’s the Distinction?. https://www.yourworkoutbook.com/hack-squats-vs-v-squats/
  3. College of Delaware. Free Weights Vs. Machines: How do you have to select?. https://sites.udel.edu/coe-engex/2018/04/03/free-weights-vs-machines-how-should-you-choose/
  4. Muscle and Power. Machine Hack Squat Video Train Information. https://www.muscleandstrength.com/exercises/hack-squat.html
  5. Blackridge Health. V Squat Information: How To, Muscle tissues Labored, Options & Extra. https://www.blackridgefitness.com/v-squat-guide/
  6. Encourage Us Basis. The Hack Squat: 4 Advantages, Muscle tissues Used, and Extra. https://www.inspireusafoundation.org/the-hack-squat/